A potted history of parkour
Parkour is the non-competitive physical discipline of training to move freely over and through any terrain using only the abilities of the body, principally through running, jumping, climbing and quadrupedal movement. In practice it focuses on developing the fundamental attributes required for such movement, which include functional strength and fitness, balance, spatial awareness, agility, coordination, precision, control and creative vision.
The word comes from the French 'parcours', which literally means, 'the way through', or 'the path'. What we now all know as 'Parkour' with a 'k' had its origins in a training program for French Special Forces known as 'Parcours du combattant', or 'The Path of the Warrior'. It was Frenchman David Belle, son of a Parcours Warrior and the 'inventor' of Parkour, who changed the 'c' to a 'k' and, formed the Yamakazi group.
According to the strictest definition, Parkour is the act of moving from point 'a' to point 'b' using the obstacles in your path to increase your efficiency. A basic repertoire of moves developed over the years, like the 'tic-tac', the 'kong vault' and the 'gap jump' that make Parkour immediately recognizable to most people who see it, though it hasn’t been codified or formalised in to a sport.
The practice evolved from a strictly efficient system to incorporating other moves that looked good, such as flips, handstands and spins. Sebastien pursued this path and David Belle stuck with the purely efficient style and two different practices began developing side by side.
For a long time, people argued about the differences between Parkour and Freerunning but the new generation of practitioners who were inspired by YouTube added to the fledgling discipline with their own take on it, some in urban environments, some in nature.
Should there be competitions and should it be recognised as an official sport?
These are ongoing questions and time will tell how the practice evolves.
Parkour, fundamentally, is a philosophy, and a way a life. It’s a way of looking at any environment and believing in your heart that there is no obstacle in life that cannot be overcome. Everyone is a unique individual, so no two people will come up with the exact same solution, but there is a 'way through' for us all; the only way out is through.
It encourages self-improvement on all levels, revealing one’s physical and mental limits while simultaneously offering ways to overcome them. It is a method of training one’s body and mind in order to be as completely functional, effective and liberated as possible in any environment. The practice aims to build confidence, determination, self-discipline and self-reliance, and responsibility for one’s actions. It encourages humility, respect for others and for one’s environment, self-expression, community spirit, and the importance of play, discovery and safety at all times.
As time moves on and more research is done on the subject it becomes increasingly clear that sitting at a desk all day isn't good for us, in either body or mind. The modern office based lifestyle is very different from the lifestyle of our prehistoric hunter gatherer ancestors, and yet our bodies aren't all that different at all, and this is the crux of the problem, our bodies just aren't equipped to deal with long periods of being still, if we were, we would be a tree, perfectly designed to sit in one place of years upon years.
We spend a large chunk of our lives lugging around inherited beliefs and assumptions without ever stopping to take stock of whether we believe them or if they serve us; we’re the product of our environment, the caregivers who shaped us, instilled their values into us. Now we’re all grown up, we reflect it back out into the world and these stories we tell ourselves shape our internal model of reality.
Here at Movementum, we’re wishing you a very happy Christmas and New Year!
Enjoy a few alternative Christmas songs we’ve selected; the perfect accompaniment to a mulled wine and mince pie.
Who among you has sworn off coffee because it doesn’t fit into your clean living regime?
Coffee is one of the first things to be sacrificed on the altar of health and giving it up is a sign you’ve committed to the task of upgrading yourself.
For a lot of people, this marks their off-season of outdoor training, either retreating to the indoor gym or the sanctuary of the sofa. Wind, rain, cold and frost can be seen as signals to bed-in and hibernate because, as humans, we are naturally drawn to comfort and seek it every chance we get.
If we are more stable with a wide base of support, then it follows we are less stable when it is narrow; imagine how you would feel if your own contact with the ground was the size of an ice skate. No doubt with an ice skate sized base of support, your postural setup would be sub-optimal and this adaptation echoes all the way up the body because the foot isn’t languishing alone in the wilderness; it’s connected to everything.
Over-training in its broadest sense is the imbalance between training and recovery; if sufficient rest is not included in a training program then regeneration cannot occur and performance plateaus. The most common symptom is fatigue as well as becoming moody, depressed, losing enthusiasm for training and disrupted sleep patterns.
We decided to create a journal where we’ll share our blogs and videos about the concepts around natural movement and lifestyle, the AiM philosophy around pain & injury as well as some behind the scenes of us when we’re performing and choreographing.
MovNat is a physical education & fitness system based on the full range of natural human movement abilities. These include the locomotive skills of walking, running, jumping, balancing, crawling, climbing & swimming. In addition we practice the manipulative skills of lifting, carrying, throwing & catching. How we move is how we train.
To develop physical courage first we need to start with the mind; there are so many obstacles to overcome and many of them are self-created. I think of it sometimes as a form of psychological warfare I engage myself with. Fear is the root of them all and they manifest in so many forms - fear of injury, fear of people watching, fear of judgement, fear of failure.
How can we know what we are capable of achieving if we never move in to the unknown? Our limits are only stretched once we step outside into what is known as the edge. I found it curious that this place is a psychological one as well as a physical one.
Handstands have taught me that to achieve anything requires patience, persistence and determination. Even once upside down, to find that point of balance isn't finding the static point but mastering dynamic equilibrium.
In practice Parkour focuses on developing the fundamental attributes required for such movement, which include functional strength and fitness, balance, spatial awareness, agility, coordination, precision, control and creative vision.
Greater specialisation is necessary to succeed professionally and we pay the price by becoming adapted to narrow and frequent use patterns.
Often people either assume natural movement training is either too east or too difficult for them; the reality is it's for everyone, no matter if your goal is to climb a tree with your kids or compete in the CrossFit Games; you can start at any age, ability, or fitness level.
Hope you enjoy this showreel I made from my time in Leicester. We've got a Gimbal and plan on getting a drone and a mirrorless camera so the quality is going to go up significantly!